Avoiding Error in ECG Diagnosis

Misdiagnosis of both acute coronary syndrome and atrial fibrillation are common in clinical practice. This can have devastating consequences for patients. In this course, we emphasize the importance of recognizing ECG mimics of these conditions and emphasize the importance of overall clinical context in their diagnosis.

1.0 x AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™
Available on the Pro Plan

PLAY INTRODUCTION

Overview

In this course, we deal with two of the most common errors in ECG diagnosis made in the acute setting, misdiagnosis of STEMI and misdiagnosis of atrial fibrillation. We show you how to recognize causes of ST elevation on the ECG unrelated to acute coronary syndrome. In particular, you will learn how to identify early repolarization pattern and male pattern ST segment elevation on the ECG, findings present in a proportion of healthy individuals in the absence of ischemic heart disease. We teach you how to recognize electrode misplacement, a potential source of artefact mimicking ECG changes associated with acute coronary syndrome. In this course, we emphasize the importance of the assessment of basic ECG features and overall clinical context in the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation. We test your ability to apply this approach. Evidence suggests that over-reliance on the computer interpretation reported on modern ECG readouts is a major contributing factor to both of the diagnostic errors dealt with in this course. We will discuss the diagnostic limitations of the ECG computer interpretation in clinical practice.

Faculty

Planner and Author: Dr John Seery MB PhD

  • Consultant Physician at St. Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  • Lecturer at the School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Ireland
  • Studied medicine at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • A Natural Sciences graduate of Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • PhD in Cell Biology from University College London, United Kingdom


Planner: Dr Karen Strahan PhD (University of Cambridge), Head of Editorial
Planner: Tommy O'Sullivan, CME Manager
 

Estimated Time to Complete

1.0 hours

Target Audience

  • Physicians
  • Nurses
  • Nurse Practitioners
  • Physician Assistants
  • Paramedics

Learning Objectives

Upon successful completion of this activity, you will be able to:

  • Identify ‘early repolarization pattern’ on the ECG
  • Identify ‘normal male pattern ST elevation’ on the ECG
  • Identify an incorrect diagnosis of atrial fibrillation reported on the ECG computer interpretation
  • Identify and correct electrode misplacement on the ECG
     

Course Content

  • Introduction
  • Benign ST Elevation
  • Electrode Misplacement
  • The Computer Interpretation
  • Quiz
  • Essential Reading

Release date

30-JUL-2020

Expiration date

29-JUL-2023

Instructions for Participation

Participants must complete the online activity during the valid period as noted above.
Follow these steps:

  1. View videos in sequence
  2. Read the papers on the essential reading list
  3. Complete the quiz
  4. Complete the activity evaluation form to provide feedback for continuing education purposes and for the development of future activities
  5. Download the Certificate of Completion

Relevant Financial Disclosures

Planners and faculty for this activity have no relevant financial relationships with commercial interests to disclose.

Bibliography

Lindow T et al. Erroneous computer-based interpretations of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter in a Swedish primary healthcare setting. Scand J Primary Health Care. 2019;37(4):426-33.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02813432.2019.1684429

Bae MH et al. Erroneous Computer Electrocardiogram Interpretation of Atrial Fibrillation and its Clinical Consequences. Clin Cardiol. 2012;35(6):348-53.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6652532/pdf/CLC-35-348.pdf

Kadish AH et al. ACC/AHA Clinical Competence Statement on Electrocardiography and Ambulatory Electrocardiography. Circulation. 2001;104:3169-78.
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/circ.104.25.3169

Smulyan H. The Computerized ECG: Friend and Foe. Am J Med. 2019;132:153-60.
https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2016/05/16/14/51/early-repolarization-syndrome

Pollak P and Brady W. Electrocardiographic Patterns Mimicking ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Cardiol Clin. 2012;30:601-15.
https://ems.iuhealthlearning.org/operations/2012_Cardiol%20Clin_Pollack%20P_Electrocardiographic%20Patterns%20Mimicking%20STEMI.pdf

Bourier et al. Early Repolarization Syndrome: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach. 
Front. Cardiovasc. Med. 5:169. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2018.00169.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278243/pdf/fcvm-05-00169.pdf

MacFarlane et al. The Early Repolarization Pattern: A Consensus Paper. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015;66(4):470-7.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S073510971502478X

Brady WJ et al. The Diagnosis: Benign Early Repolarization. Emergency Medicine News. 2001;23(12): 30-6.
https://journals.lww.com/em-news/fulltext/2001/12000/the_diagnosis__benign_early_repolarization.21.aspx

Hongo RH and Goldschlager N. Overreliance on Computerized Algorithms to Interpret Electrocardiograms. Am J Med. 2004;117:706-8.
https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(04)00520-0/fulltext

Bogun F et al. Misdiagnosis of atrial fibrillation and its clinical consequences. Am J Med. 2004;117(9):636-42.

Additional Reading

Zakka P and Refaat M. Early Repolarization Syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016
https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2016/05/16/14/51/early-repolarization-syndrome

Pollak P and Brady W. Electrocardiographic Patterns Mimicking ST segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Cardiol Clin. 2012;30:601-15.
https://ems.iuhealthlearning.org/operations/2012_Cardiol%20Clin_Pollack%20P_Electrocardiographic%20Patterns%20Mimicking%20STEMI.pdf

Bourier et al. Early Repolarization Syndrome: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach. 
Front Cardiovasc Med. 5:169. doi: 10.3389/fcvm.2018.00169.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6278243/pdf/fcvm-05-00169.pdf

Lynch R. ECG lead misplacement: A brief review of limb lead misplacement. African Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014;4(3):130-9.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211419X1400072X

Schlapfer J and Wellens HJ. Computer-Interpreted Electrocardiograms: Benefits and Limitations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;70(9):1183-92.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735109717387946

Batcharov VN et al. Incorrect electrode cable connection during electrocardiographic recording. EP Europace. 2007;9(11):1081-90.
https://academic.oup.com/europace/article/9/11/1081/479121

Seery JP and Ryan J. How to diagnose atrial fibrillation-top 5 tips. 
https://www.acadoodle.com/articles/how-to-diagnose-atrial-fibrillation-top-5-tips

ACCME Accreditation Statement

Acadoodle, Ltd is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

Credit Designation Statement

AMA Physician’s Recognition Award

Acadoodle, Ltd designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

 
Next
The content is for members only, please subscribe to a membership plan to read the full article.

GET STARTED NOW! LOG IN Forgot your password?

The content is for members only, please subscribe to a membership plan to read the full article.

GET STARTED NOW! LOG IN Forgot your password?

The content is for members only, please subscribe to a membership plan to read the full article.

GET STARTED NOW! LOG IN Forgot your password?

The content is for members only, please subscribe to a membership plan to read the full article.

GET STARTED NOW! LOG IN Forgot your password?

The content is for members only, please subscribe to a membership plan to read the full article.

GET STARTED NOW! LOG IN Forgot your password?

DisclaimerPrivacy PolicyTerms of Use© Acadoodle 2020